View In Full Page

What does Back End Developer do?

Backend developers are instrumental in crafting the server-side infrastructure of software applications. Their role involves designing, implementing, and maintaining the logic that handles user requests, processes data, and ensures seamless application functionality. They utilize programming languages such as Java, Python, Node.js, or Ruby, adapting to project requirements.

Database management is a core responsibility, requiring backend developers to design and optimize databases for efficient data storage and retrieval. Additionally, they create and maintain APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) to facilitate communication between the frontend and backend. APIs act as bridges, fostering collaboration between different application components for a cohesive user experience.

Beyond technical skills, backend developers need strong problem-solving abilities and an understanding of system architecture. Collaboration with frontend developers is common, ensuring smooth integration between user interfaces and the underlying server-side infrastructure. In essence, backend development is pivotal for the overall functionality, performance, and scalability of modern applications.

Back End Developer Salary in India

₹5,03,801 / year

Avg. Base Salary



The average salary for a Back End Developer is ₹5,03,801 in 2023

Pay by Experience Level

Years Avg Sal
0-1 ₹ 3.84L
1-5 ₹ 5.05L
5-10 ₹ 6.24L
10+ ₹ 10L

How to become a Successful Back End Developer

Step 1:Learn the Fundamentals

Start by mastering the fundamentals of programming languages commonly used in backend development, such as Java, Python, Node.js, or Ruby. Gain a solid understanding of data structures, algorithms, and problem-solving techniques.

Step 2:Explore Backend Frameworks and Databases

Familiarize yourself with popular backend frameworks like Spring (Java), Django (Python), Express.js (Node.js), or Ruby on Rails (Ruby). Learn how to interact with databases, both SQL (e.g., MySQL, PostgreSQL) and NoSQL (e.g., MongoDB). Understand how to design and optimize database schemas.

Step 3:Understand APIs and Web Services

Gain expertise in building and consuming APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). Learn about RESTful and GraphQL APIs, and understand how to create services that can be easily integrated with frontend applications.

Step 4:Version Control and Collaboration

Learn and use version control systems like Git, along with platforms like GitHub or Bitbucket. Collaborative development is a key aspect of backend work, so understanding how to work in a team using version control is essential.

Step 5:Master DevOps Practices

Familiarize yourself with DevOps principles, including containerization tools like Docker and orchestration tools like Kubernetes. Understand continuous integration (CI) and continuous deployment (CD) practices, and learn to automate the build and deployment processes.

Step 6:Stay Updated and Engage with the Community

Backend development is a dynamic field, so stay updated on industry trends, new technologies, and best practices. Engage with the developer community through forums, conferences, and online platforms. Networking and learning from others' experiences can significantly contribute to your growth.

Step 1: Learn the Basics

  1. Java or Kotlin Programming Language:

    • Java: Traditionally, Android development was done using Java. It's a versatile, object-oriented programming language.
    • Kotlin: Kotlin is now the preferred language for Android development. It's interoperable with Java, concise, and considered more modern.
  2. Understanding XML:

    • XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is used for designing layouts in Android. It defines the structure and appearance of the user interface (UI) components.

Step 2: Master Android Development Tools

  1. Android Studio:

    • Android Studio is the official IDE for Android development. It provides a rich environment with features like a visual layout editor, code analysis, debugging tools, and support for Kotlin. Regularly updating to the latest version is crucial for accessing the latest features and improvements.
  2. Emulator:

    • The Android Emulator allows you to run and test your applications on a virtual device. It's an essential tool for debugging and testing your apps on different Android versions and screen sizes.

Plan to Master as an Back End Developer

Day Focus Area Tasks
1-2Programming FundamentalsChoose a language (Python/JavaScript), learn basic syntax, and complete coding exercises.
3-5Backend Architecture and API FundamentalsUnderstand server-client architecture, explore HTTP/HTTPS, and learn about RESTful API concepts.
6-8Database ManagementStudy relational databases, learn basic SQL queries, and understand normalization principles.
9-11Backend Framework BasicsChoose Django (Python) or Express.js (Node.js) and follow introductory tutorials to create a basic web application.
12-14API Development and IntegrationLearn to create RESTful APIs using your chosen framework, understand routes, controllers, and middleware concepts.
15-16Version Control and CollaborationLearn Git basics, create a repository on GitHub/Bitbucket, and collaborate on a simple project.
17-18DevOps and Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)Explore containerization with Docker, learn Kubernetes basics, and understand CI/CD principles.
19-20Final Project and DocumentationCreate a small backend project, document APIs, endpoints, and database structure, and share on GitHub/portfolio.
Day Focus Area Tasks
1-5Programming FundamentalsChoose a language (Python/JavaScript), set up your development environment, and complete coding exercises.
6-10Web Development BasicsLearn HTML, CSS, and basic JavaScript. Build simple static web pages.
11-15Database FundamentalsStudy relational databases (e.g., MySQL, PostgreSQL), learn SQL queries, and practice creating and manipulating databases.
16-20Backend Framework IntroductionChoose a backend framework (e.g., Django, Express.js) and complete introductory tutorials. Build a basic dynamic web application.
21-25API DevelopmentDeepen your understanding of APIs, create RESTful APIs, and integrate them into your web application.
26-30Version Control and CollaborationLearn Git and GitHub, collaborate on projects, and contribute to open source if possible.
31-35Advanced Backend ConceptsExplore advanced topics like authentication, authorization, middleware, and error handling in your chosen backend framework.
36-40Databases and ORMDive deeper into database management and learn how to use Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) tools like Hibernate or Sequelize.
41-45Web SecurityUnderstand security best practices, implement HTTPS, and learn about common security vulnerabilities and how to prevent them.
46-50DevOps and DeploymentExplore containerization with Docker, learn about Kubernetes, and set up a continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipeline.
51-55Performance OptimizationLearn techniques for optimizing web performance, including caching, lazy loading, and minimizing resource requests.
56-60Final Project and PortfolioCreate a comprehensive backend project, document your code, APIs, and deployment process. Showcase your work on a portfolio or GitHub. Seek feedback and make improvements.
Day Focus Area Tasks
1-7Programming FundamentalsChoose a language (Python/JavaScript/Java), set up your development environment, and focus on mastering basic syntax and programming concepts.
8-14Web Development BasicsDive into HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Build static web pages and gain proficiency in creating responsive layouts.
15-21Database FundamentalsLearn about relational databases (e.g., MySQL, PostgreSQL). Practice designing schemas, writing SQL queries, and understanding normalization.
22-28Backend Framework IntroductionChoose a backend framework (e.g., Django, Express.js) and complete comprehensive tutorials. Develop a basic dynamic web application.
29-35API DevelopmentDeepen your understanding of APIs. Create RESTful APIs and integrate them into your web application.
36-42Version Control and CollaborationMaster Git and GitHub. Collaborate on larger projects, participate in open source contributions, and understand branching and merging strategies.
43-49Advanced Backend ConceptsExplore advanced topics such as middleware, authentication, and authorization. Understand the intricacies of your chosen backend framework.
50-56Databases and ORMDive deeper into database management. Learn about Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) tools like Hibernate or Sequelize.
57-63Web SecurityFocus on web security practices, including encryption, secure coding, and protection against common vulnerabilities.
64-70DevOps and DeploymentExplore containerization with Docker, delve into Kubernetes, and set up a robust CI/CD pipeline for automated testing and deployment.
71-77Performance OptimizationLearn techniques for optimizing web performance. Implement caching, lazy loading, and other strategies to enhance application speed.
78-84Advanced Topics and SpecializationExplore topics like microservices architecture, serverless computing, and other emerging trends. Consider a specialization based on interest.
85-90Final Project and PortfolioUndertake a comprehensive backend project that encompasses all learned skills. Document your code, APIs, and deployment process in your portfolio. Seek feedback and continuously refine your work.

Popular Roles in Back End Developer

View In Full Page